# Working with the terminal

• ## Oscillator in the market

What are oscillators on ? In technical analysis, oscillators are indicators of the rate of price movement over a specific time frame. They refer to a leading indicator that can move around the zero line between 0 and 100%. During the periods of time when the price is stable, it either moves only within the channel or pauses for a while before reversing. The oscillator is designed to find the points after which the price will either follow the trend or move to the opposite side of the channel. The main notions, which are needed when using oscillators, are the concepts of oversold and overbought. These are the situations in which the indicator value...

• ## Pending Sell Limit order

What is a pending Sell Limit order? A Sell Limit order is a pending order which allows you to place a sell order above the current price. In fact, by placing a Sell Limit order, you want to sell at a higher price than you are currently able to do so. Sell Limit order is standard for MetaTrader 4, it is executed at the Bid price and it is possible to apply protective StopLoss and TakeProfit orders to it. How does Sell Limit work? Having analyzed the situation on the currency market, the trader believes that the price of the asset will grow to a certain level, after which it will resume its decline. In order to sell the asset at the pivot point, the trader...

• ## Equity in the market

What is equity? Equity is one of the trading account indicators representing the amount of free funds on the trader's deposit, i.e. the funds that can be used for trading. Calculation of equity is carried out according to the following formula: Equity = balance + floating profit - floating loss. Positions opened by the client at the moment of calculation of equity are taken into account. For example, the trader has a deposit of \$1,000, on which there are 2 open transactions. On one transaction the current loss is \$50, on the second transaction the current profit is \$75. Equity will be equal to \$1000 +75 - 50 = \$1,025. Note that equity is...

• ## Pending Buy Stop order

What is a pending Buy Stop order? A Buy Stop order is a type of pending order, which is a position to buy, opened by the broker when the price rises to the level specified by the trader. How does Buy Stop order work? A Buy Stop order is placed if a trader believes that the price will rise to a certain level, usually a resistance level, after which it will continue to rise. In this case the purchase will always be made at a price higher than the current market price. For example, on a daily chart of the AUD/USD currency pair, we observe a Double Bottom trend reversal pattern. We expect that soon the price will reach the resistance level at 0.7270, will break through it and the pair will start to form an uptrend.

• ## Statment (Statement, trade report) in MT4

The Statement is the official detailed report on the trading activity on the market, generated by the trading terminal. How to make a Statment in MT4? Go to the "Account History" tab; right-click on the context menu; click "Save as detailed report". The statment will be available in the folder, in which the MetaTrader 4 terminal was installed, in the DetailedStatement file. Besides the trading history the statment contains the following indexes: Gross Profit - total profit of the positive transactions; Gross Loss - total loss of the negative transactions; Total Net Profit - the difference between the total profit and the total loss; Profit Factor - the profitability index, which shows the Gross Profit to Gross Loss ratio. The value...

What is a long? A long or buy trade is the name of a buy trade that a market participant opens in the expectation of profiting from an increase in the price of an asset. The very name of the transaction to buy long or long bargain, is slang and appeared on the stock exchange, because the rise in stock prices is considered to be a longer process than their fall. Market participants who open buy trades, that is, play to increase the price of an asset, are called bulls. Bulls are thought to push the price upward with their horns. The opposite of a long trade is a sell trade or Short (short, short trade), respectively, market participants playing down...

• ## Limit order

What is a limit order? A limit order is a group of pending orders in which the opening of a position is made at a price better than the current one. The price is supposed to rise or fall to a certain limit, after which it will reverse in the desired direction. Limit orders are characterized by the word limit which is used in the name of the order. What types of limit orders are there? There are 2 types of limit orders: Buy Limit Buy Limit is a limit order for purchase. A position to buy is opened when the price decreases to the value shown in the order. A Buy Limit order is usually used for purchasing when the price decreases to the support line of the uptrend or to the lower limit of the flat when calculating the...

• ## RSI indicator (relative strength index)

The Relative Strength Index (RSI is an abbreviation of relative strength index) is one of the indicators of technical analysis. RSI helps determine the probability of change in the direction of price movement, as well as the strength of the trend. The essence of the indicator is that the price can not move indefinitely in the same direction, and sooner or later the trend will reverse. RSI has only one line on the timeline and is located below the price chart. The indicator always moves in the corridor from 0 to 100%. It should be noted that the RSI value below 20% is considered an oversold zone, while above 80% it is an overbought zone. The space between overbought and oversold zones is called...

• ## Ichimoku Kinko Hyo indicator

What is an Ishimoku indicator? Indicator Ishimoku Kinko Hyo (Ichimoku Kinko Hyo) - trade technical indicator, designed to reflect the trend, support and resistance levels. What is the purpose of the indicator? Ichimoku Kinko Hyo indicator is used to identify a market trend, support and resistance levels and to generate buy and sell signals. The optimal timeframe for the Ishimoku indicator is a week or a day. It can be used in conjunction with other technical indicators or be solely used for trading. The Ishimoku indicator is sometimes called a ready-made trading strategy. How to install the Ishimoku indicator on the price chart? The Ichimoku indicator is included in the standard set of technical indicators of the MetaTrader 4 platform. To install it on the chart, you...

• ## Take Profit. How do I set a Take Profit?

What is Take Profit? Take Profit is an order to automatically close the deal with the profit when the price level is reached. Take Profit is translated into Russian as "Take Profit", this order is usually set when a trader cannot continuously watch the open trade or expects sharp price movements. How do we set Take Profit? Take Profit is set for a Buy trade above the order price, as we anticipate the price to move upwards. For example, if we opened a buy trade at EURUSD at 1.12595, and we want to make a 50 pips profit without being in the trading terminal, we should set a take profit...

• ## Tick volume

What is tick volume? Tick volume reflects the number of ticks per unit of time, and the "tick" itself is nothing but the change in price of an instrument by one basis point. In fact, this type of volume is a simple oscillation counter and is not connected with the volumes of deals. In simple words, the tick volume shows how many times the price changed during a specified time and is not related to the real trading volumes. How to know the tick volume? Tick volume is available in any MetaTrader 4 terminal, and, as opposed to exchange volume, is available for all trading instruments provided by a broker. Note, the tick volume shows the amount of price change for a particular...

• ## MagicNumber (magic number) MQL for MetaTrader

What is MagicNumber? MagicNumber MQL for MetaTrader is a "magic" identifier of an open order, which is usually used for correct teamwork of Expert Advisors and traders in MetaTrader 4. What is the essence of MagicNumber? The MagicNumber parameter is used to allow several trading experts or experts working in parallel with a trader to correctly process the orders which have been opened by them only. As a result, when working (modifying, closing, deleting, etc.) with already open orders, the EAs process only those that have this magic number. The MagicNumber tool is typical only for the MQL programming language in the MetaTrader terminal. To use Magic numbers in manual trading is not...

• ## Pending order (pending order)

What is a Pending Order? Pending order (Pending order) - trade order of the client to the dealer or the broker to open a trading position to buy or sell a financial instrument at a certain market rate, marked in the order, laid down by volume and with specified levels of StopLoss and TakeProfit. What types of pending orders are there? There are four main types of pending orders: Buy Limit - kind of pending order for transaction opening on purchasing at "Ask" price achievement of the established level, which is lower than the current price of the instrument. Buy Stop - kind of the pending order which also represents the order of client to the broker to open the deal on purchasing at the price being higher than the current market rate. Sell...

• ## Script

What are scripts for ? A script is a user program written in the Meta Quotes Language programming language which allows you to automatically perform a programmed action in the MetaTrader trading terminal. What functions do scripts perform? Scripts mql can perform the following functions: Informational - providing various trading information (on the trading account, on the currency pair, candlestick time, etc.) Trading - the execution of trade operations (placing an order with a specified level of stop-loss, closing a certain type of positions, etc.) Visual - execution of operations with price charts of currency pairs (creating screenshots, drawing trend lines and levels, creating non-standard timeframes, etc.) How do scripts differ from advisors? In contrast to other types of programs,...

• ## Stop order

What is a stop order? Stop order is a type of pending stock exchange order to buy above the current level (Buy Stop) or below the current price (Sell Stop). These orders are set most often on strong, significant levels in order to get profit even in the absence of trader near the terminal. Stop order data is stored on the broker's or broker's server, so there is no need to leave the terminal turned on. What is the difference between a limit and a stop order? The difference between a limit and a stop order is the price at which the order will be opened: A stop order is a transaction at a price which is ALWAYS worse than the price at the moment the order is placed. That is, a sale at a price lower than...

• ## Forward test in the market

What is a forward test on ? Forward is one of the stages of testing a trading strategy or an Expert Advisor on , which involves simulating its use in the real-time trading process on historical data. Forward test allows you to determine the quality of orders execution by a mechanical expert, as well as the effectiveness of the trading strategy to reduce the risks of financial losses from its use. Forward test statistics must contain the main performance parameters, including expected payoff, the number of profitable and loss-making trades, the average profit and loss values, the recovery factor, etc. Why perform a forward test of trading robots? The main purpose of forward testing is to check if the Expert Advisor results have not changed for the worse...